About Geothermal Energy
Geothermal energy is heat generated and stored in the Earth. It’s clean and sustainable, it’s consistent, and its uses extend beyond mere energy generation.
The geothermal resources are reservoirs of fluid (water and steam at high temperature and pressure) on different depths below the Earth’s surface. Deep wells are drilled into underground reservoirs to bring the hot steam to the surface for the use of electricity generation. Residual heat can be used to heat greenhouses, houses, schools, business premises, etc.
Geothermal power plants produce electricity consistently, running 24 hours per day / 7 days per week, regardless of weather conditions. No need for importing LNG, coal or diesel, if you produce your own energy. The footprint of a geothermal power plant is very small, using less land per GWh than wind, solar PV with centre station or coal.
Chile is one of the regions with the highest volcanic activity on the planet, given its privileged position in the so-called “Pacific Ring of Fire”, the country has about 20% of active continental volcanoes. This strategic situation also represents a high potential in Chile for the generation of geothermal energy. The figures on geothermal potential that are handled today in Chile range from 3,350 MW (Enap) to 16,000 MW (Lahsen, 1988), which could represent 91% of the current installed capacity of the country’s energy matrix. However, geothermal energy is the least known, the most ignored non-conventional renewable energy (NCRE) and the one with the greatest potential within all the NCRE possible to develop in the country. (Source: CEGA)